Healthy gums do not bleed suddenly or when you brush your teeth, so bleeding gums are abnormal and meant that something is wrong. One form of scurvy is bleeding in the gums. Gums may be injured by brushing teeth using hard or splayed toothbrushed or by careless flossing. Gums may also bleed because of bacteria or plaque build up in the space between gum and teeth. Inflamed or infected gums bleed easily because there will be more blood cell to defend and fight off the bacteria.
In gingivitis, gums are inflamed and later spreads to the periodontium (tissues that support the teeth). If left untreated, it can cause the teeth to loosen, leading to loss of healthy teeth.
Scurvy is caused by a lack of vitamin C in the diet. There are various types of vitamin C supplements to treat bleeding gums. A person whose gums bleed or whose gums red, itchy, swollen and spongy (symptoms of gums disease) should see a dentist. He should see a doctor if he has sudden bleeding of bruising in the other parts of the skin (bleeding disorders).
The dentist would remove and clean the pockets of bacterial on dental plaque. He should also scale or polish your teeth to remove tartar (harder dental plaque). A tootbrush with soft bristles should be used. As soon as the bristles of a toothbrush become splayed out, the toothbrush should be replaced. Brushing and flossing teeth must be done properly in order to take care of the gum margins well.
How to floss:
• Take about 30cm of floss wind each and around your two middle fingers.using your thumb and forefinger and a slow sawing motion, slip the floss between the teeth.
• Direct the floss against the tooth, rubbing gently from the gum line to the top edge of the tooth. The same action should be carried out for all the other teeth.
• Flossing should be done before brushing teeth to get rid of food particles and plaque in areas where a toothbrush may not be able to reach.
• Flossing should be done gently so that delicate gums are not damaged. The floss should never be forced between the teeth where the gap is too small.
How to brush:
• Choose a toothbrush with a small head in order to reach all your teeth and gum margins.
• A good toothbrush should have medium nylon bristles with rounded ends.
• Frayed toothbrushes should be replaced or toothbrushes should be changed every 4 – 6 months.
• Toothpastes that contain fluride help to prevent tooth decay. You must brush your teeth after every meal and before going to bed at night.
• Brushing should be done in a systematic manner so that no area is neglected. The gums and the inner, outer and chewing surfaced ot the teeth should be brushed with a small circular motion.