Obesity is the most comman nutritional disorder in many countries. You are considered to be obese if you are 20-30 percent heavier than the normal body weight for your height, sex and age. Obesity can cause many health problems and shortens a person’s lifespan.
If your diet contains high calorie foods such as cakes, biscuits, pies, ice cream, French fries, crisps, chocolates and sweets which are full of fat and sugar, your body will have more energy than it needs. This will result in a gain in weight.
People normally become obese if their diet is high in fat rather than in carbohydrates. Sometimes, obesity seems to run in families simply because each generation is passing on bad, unhealthy eating habits. Other people eat excessively when they have emotional problems.
Symptoms of obesity are excessive body weight, shorthess of breath, overheating of body and excessive sweating. Complications from obesity are diabetes mellitus, heart disease, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, back problems, low self-esteem, cancer of the breast, cervix or uterus in women.
An obesed person should :
• eat less
• follow a low-fat
• high-fibre diet
• begin an aerobic exercise programme
• always eat a balanced diet.